Location : Lie in the western part of the state of Jammu and Kashmir and is also the centeral part of Kashmir Valley. Area : 105 sq kms Altitude : 1,730 m. Population : 930136 (2001 Census) Language : Kashmiri, Urdu, Hindi, Gojri, English Temperature : Max 33.5 Â°C to Min-5.9 Â°C. Best Time to visit : Round the year Places of Interest : Zabarwan Park, Pampore, Budshas Tomb, Maharaj Ganj, Burzahama, Parihaspora, SPS Museum. The City Srinagar Srinagar is the heart of the Kashmir Valley, still preserves the imprints of the Mughals and the British. The valley takes great pride in its lakes, gardens and the charming rows of houseboats floating on them. Popular for traditional Kashmiri handicrafts, kashmiri clothes and dry fruits, Srinagar is bordered by five districts. To its northern side is Kargil, in the south is Pulwama and in the north-west lies Budgam. "If there is a heaven on earth, it's here, it's here, it's here", exclaimed the Mughal emperor Jahangir on his first visit to this place. Srinagar has the privilege of having a multifaceted and unique cultural blend, making it different from the rest of the country, not only from the cultural front, but in point of geography, demography, ethics and social entities. as well. With its beautiful picturesque Himalayan backdrop, the crowning glory of hill stations Srinagar is enticed by the colourful houseboats , shikaras and the grandeur of Mughal sense of style. Sri means Lakshmi or wealth and Â‘nagarÂ’ a city. The summer capital of J&K State, Srinagar city has a vital role in the history of Kashmir. For this reason, Persian chronicles call it Shehr-e-Kashmir or 'City of Kashmir'. According to KalhanaÂ’s Â‘RajtaranginiÂ’,Srinagri was founded by King Ashoka in 3rd century BC near Panderethan about 8 km from the present city Srinagri remained capital until the new city of Pravarapura was founded by Parvarasana II in AD 630 near Hari Parbat, which is the present city. Years after the new city also assumed the name of Srinagri since both cities were near to each other. Hiuen Tsang the Chinese traveler mentions Paravapura as the capital when he traveled to Kashmir in 631 AD. The choice of Parvarasana Il is considered impeccable as the present Srinagar city is supposed to be almost equidistant from Jammu, Rawalpindi, Leh and Gilgit through the old routes. Every ruler chiseled a new shape of Srinagar and emphasized on better connectivity with surrounding areas. Srinagar has both medieval charm and a touch of modernity. The city is surrounded by awesome mountains and river Jehlum meanders through it. The old city bazaars,malls and shopping centers around Lal chowk reflect her importance as a commercial hub.Here, months could pass sightseeing at different locations, be it historical or religious places, gardens or lakes, craft bazaars or stone carving centres, places of poets or saints, wildlife sanctuaries or trout hatcheries - its a destination that always remains a discovery for visitors. Lal Chowk and Residency Road, one finds selling stylish clothes and fast food specialities, located in some of the best shopping malls and lively streets open throughout the day and late evenings. Connected by more than a dozen bridges over river Jehlum flowing across the city, a major portion of the old city is named after these bridges such as Amira Kadal, Budshah Kadal, Habba Kadal, Fateh Kadal, Zaina Kadal, Nawa Kadal, Aali Kadal and Safa Kadal and more. Zaina Hal, the first wooden bridge, was Kadal and more.Zaina Kadal,the first wooden bridge,was constructed by Sultan Zain-ul-Abidin. Major Attractions of Srinagar The Dal Lake The Dal Lake is unique for its beauty that lies in its pulsating surroundings, since it sustains a life on waters not found anywhere else in the world. The houseboat and Shikara communities have survived on the Dal for centuries and every thing is found on and nearby the houseboats including doctors, tailors and bakers in tiny wooden shops on the lake. The picturesque lotuses and gardens add to their mystic beauty. Shikara can also take you to the surrounding market places to have your buys. 8 km by 4 krn, Dal lake has a total area of 26 sq km. At Dalgate, a gate lets out the lake water to prevent it from floods. Dal has three islands ; Ropa Lank popular as Char-Chinar was built by Prince Murad, son of Emperor Shah Jahan in Lokut Dal (Smaller Dal). Sona Lank at the south end was rebuilt by Afghan governor Amir Khan Jawansher (1770-76), in Bod Dal (Bigger Dal). Nehru Park is an island just few yards away from the road side near Shankar Acharya hill. Mughal Gardens The Mughal emperors gave birth to the gardens to feel the presence of heavenly bliss in Srinagar. Chesmansahi is the first Mughal garden with a stupendous layout and a wonderful view. It has to its credit three terraces in addition to a natural spring of water enclosed in a stone pavilion. Nishat Bagh, constructed by empress Nur Jahan's Brother Asaf Khan, has several terraces and a central water course which gives a magnificent view of the Dal and the Zabarwan Hills. The last and the third one, the Shalimar Bagh was created by emperor Jehangir and was shaded by magnificent chinar trees with paintbox bright flower beds.Most pleasurable day picnic spot for the tourist, the famed Mughal Garden are located between Dal Lake and Zabarwan mountain range on Boulevord.These gardens in Srinagar are memorials of love for mankind and the natural beauty. Some Other Attractions of Srinagar are Srinagar Houseboats, Hari Parbat, Cheshmashahi, Pari Mahal, Nishant Bagh, Shalimar Garden, Harwan Garden. Religious Places in Srinagar Hazratbal ShrineHazratbal Shrine, Pir Dastagir Sahib, Srinagar Jamia Masjid, Shah-e-Hamdan Mosque, Roza Bal (Tomb of Jesus PBUH), Shankar Acharya Temple, Shrine of Maqdoom Sahib, Naqashband Sahib, Pather Masjid, Aali Masjid. Other Places of Interest in SrinagarZabarwan Park, Pampore, Budshahs Tomb, Maharaj Ganj, Burzahama, Parihaspora, SPS Museum. How to Reach Srinagar By Air : Srinagar has its own air stripe and visitors can reach Srinagar via Delhi, Jammu, Leh, Chandigarh, Mumbai and other parts of India and world. By Rail : The nearest railway station to Srinagar is Udhampur, which is about 220 kilometres away from Srinagar. By Roads : National Highway 1-A, connecting Srinagar with Jammu,and is a good, all-weather road with several sharp inclines and steep bends.Srinagar city is well connected by the mini couches which can be used to reach most of the above mentioned places of interest within a 22 km range; one can board these coaches at bus stops on the road sides. Farther places can be reached by boarding a locol bus from the bus stops near batamaloo ond Panthachowk. This transport services is used by the local people for commuting from place to place, visitors can delightly be part of their daily life. One can also hire a taxi from any taxi stand on point to point basis. Travel agents provide vehicles at nominal charges for a local sightseeing.
Kashmir is known to be the crown of India and indeed it looks no less than that. It is also one state that collects the highest revenue for tourism. Keeping that in mind we at Assafar.com, make a point to help the tourists with all the types of Kashmir tour packages that they need while visiting the place. If you are looking forward to visit the ‘Paradise on Earth’ sometime soon, then do not stop yourself from making yourself available. Feel the mesmerizing beauty of the state and give a treat to yourself. Avail our Kashmir holiday packages and spend some golden days in the various places of the state.
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